AC pump wattage and horsepower

AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
I have a 1/2 hp pump which is labeled as 370watts but when I measure the wattage with a metter or read from my inverter, it is around 1000watts.
I have tried this with several pumps and they all pull higher wattage than the HP rated. 
Can anyone explain what I am missing? 
Note: 1hp pump is pulling 2000watts.
Also the power factor is between 98 to 99%

Comments

  • mcgivormcgivor Solar Expert Posts: 3,820 ✭✭✭✭✭✭
    What gauge are the conductors, how long is the run to the pump, what voltages are you dealing with, have you measured the voltage at the pump, is the pump running close to it's maximum head limitations, is the measured reading the maximum value or the normal run value?

    My 1/2hp submersible 230V pump, 150 meters (500') from the inverter using #8 AWG draws ~530W  which is slightly higher than the rated 374W, but nothing near what  you are describing, can you provide further details?
    1500W, 6× Schutten 250W Poly panels , Schneider MPPT 60 150 CC, Schneider SW 2524 inverter, 400Ah LFP 24V nominal battery with Battery Bodyguard BMS 
    Second system 1890W  3 × 300W No name brand poly, 3×330 Sunsolar Poly panels, Morningstar TS 60 PWM controller, no name 2000W inverter 400Ah LFP 24V nominal battery with Daly BMS, used for water pumping and day time air conditioning.  
    5Kw Yanmar clone single cylinder air cooled diesel generator for rare emergency charging and welding.
  • BB.BB. Super Moderators, Administrators Posts: 31,689 admin
    A 1,000 Watt power usage from an induction motor for 1/2 horse with 0.98 (98%) Power Factor--Does not make sense--Unless the 1/2 horse motor is terribly over loaded and/or possibly under voltage (less than ~110 VAC line voltage)...

    What are you using to measure Amps/Volts/Watts/Power factor?

    What type of AC inverter are you using (PSW/TSW or MSW)?

    A Kill-a-Watt type meter can measure Watts/PF/etc... They alright, but not laboratory grade. To measure Watts/PF/etc. requires more leads than a normal voltmeter with two leads.

    -Bill
    Near San Francisco California: 3.5kWatt Grid Tied Solar power system+small backup genset
  • bbbuddybbbuddy Solar Expert Posts: 132 ✭✭✭
    My 1hp well pump drew 2000 watts right from the beginning, now that it's 16 years old its closer to 2200 watts.  
    Magnum4024PAE, 2 Midnite Classic 150s, 3100watts solar, 432ah lifepo4 battery.  Off grid since 2004.
  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,276 ✭✭✭✭✭
    edited December 2020 #5
    With no other loads, my inverter logs 1,000 watts from my 1/2 hp pump (running)
    i've not dug into the deeper levels, while running to see what the loading / PF is with it.

    Conventional Motors & Pumps will all have about the same loading in their HP class:
     odd - can't seem to get the image to upload


    [fixed duplicate image links--I think. -BB]
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • HorseflyHorsefly Registered Users Posts: 401 ✭✭✭✭
    edited December 2020 #6
    @mike95490 - Your image uploaded 4 times, so I think you over-achieved.  :) 

    Our 1/2 HP well pump (single phase 120V) pulls just under 1500W when running. I'm a little surprised at you guys saying one only pulls 1000W.  Ours pulls about 54A continuous from our nominal 24V battery bank.
    Off-grid cabin: 6 x Canadian Solar CSK-280M PV panels, Schneider XW-MPPT60-150 Charge Controller, Schneider CSW4024 Inverter/Charger, Schneider SCP, 4 x Vmax XTR12-155 12V, 155AH batteries in a 2x2 24V 310AH bank.
  • Dave AngeliniDave Angelini Solar Expert Posts: 5,915 ✭✭✭✭✭
    There is more wiring/conversion loss at 24vdc and unless you are holding the DC voltage with the array or a genset, there is that also.  Probably add some loss down in the hole where you can't see it. Really should switch pumps to 240vac for Christmas! 

    Just have to accept what you have and be happy there is water coming out. Many out here are drilling again... :)
    "we go where power lines don't" Sierra Mountains near Mariposa/Yosemite CA
     http://members.sti.net/offgridsolar/
    E-mail [email protected]

  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    mcgivor said:
    What gauge are the conductors, how long is the run to the pump, what voltages are you dealing with, have you measured the voltage at the pump, is the pump running close to it's maximum head limitations, is the measured reading the maximum value or the normal run value?

    My 1/2hp submersible 230V pump, 150 meters (500') from the inverter using #8 AWG draws ~530W  which is slightly higher than the rated 374W, but nothing near what  you are describing, can you provide further details?
    I have tried different wires of different length from 12awg to 6awg with no difference. I also changed the PF capacitor but that didn't improve the power usage either.
    My inverter is Schneider Conext SW 4048 and I monitor the power usage from the combox. I also used a cheap meter from amazon to read the power factor https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07ZFR1BRH/ref=ppx_yo_dt_b_asin_title_o00_s00?ie=UTF8&psc=1
    I have also connected the pump to grid power and the power reading is the same.
    Even running the pump in a big tank with a hose just to test, consumes the same amount of power.
  • Dave AngeliniDave Angelini Solar Expert Posts: 5,915 ✭✭✭✭✭
    What pump make are you using?

     Not all 1/2 HP pumps are the same. Some have less power use because they are made better. Others just gobble the watts but will run for 40 years. I can go buy a Chinese origin 1/2 HP at home depot for $125 that will draw 600 watts. It will be fine for surface pumping but add some lift and it trickles.

     The design, spec, and quality are what you have to look at. 
    "we go where power lines don't" Sierra Mountains near Mariposa/Yosemite CA
     http://members.sti.net/offgridsolar/
    E-mail [email protected]

  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    What pump make are you using?

     Not all 1/2 HP pumps are the same. Some have less power use because they are made better. Others just gobble the watts but will run for 40 years. I can go buy a Chinese origin 1/2 HP at home depot for $125 that will draw 600 watts. It will be fine for surface pumping but add some lift and it trickles.

     The design, spec, and quality are what you have to look at. 
    Here is a link to one of the pumps I tested. Even 600W would not be bad for me but 1000W for a 1/2hp is just mind boggling. I however don't have any issue with the water delivery.
    https://www.leopump.com/1-11-1-8-deep-well-pump.html
  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    Here is an article I stumble upon today and interestingly, it mentioned 960 watts as the power required to operate a 1/2hp pump.
    https://www.rcworst.com/blog/How-Much-does-it-Cost-to-Operate-my-Submersible-Well-Pump

  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,276 ✭✭✭✭✭
    That 960w is very close to the 1kw  my inverter reads my pump at
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    mike95490 said:
    That 960w is very close to the 1kw  my inverter reads my pump at
    Great. That is about the same as mine. What pump do you use?

  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,276 ✭✭✭✭✭
    in my .sig:
    Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph )

    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • Solar2Solar2 Registered Users Posts: 30 ✭✭
    edited February 3 #15
    The difference you are seeing is the difference between shaft Hp and the amount of electrical power used to get this power.
    The hp stated on a pump motor label is shaft hp.
    One shaft Hp is 749 watts but motors are never 100% efficient.
    For fractional Hp and low Hp submerged pump motors figure:
         40-50% efficiency for two wire motors
         45-55% efficiency for three wire motors
         60-75% efficiency for three phase motors
    Three phase motors with a variable frequency drive (VFD) are a good combination for solar applications.
    They are significantly more efficient and have no starting surge.
    Actually they have a negative starting surge.
    18 Kw PV;  2000 AHr FLA Bat; 12 Kw Inverter;  20 Kw Kohler, LP, low speed, double muffled,   Home built, ground coupled heat pump, VFD enabled;  Leaf
  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    Solar2 said:
    The difference you are seeing is the difference between shaft Hp and the amount of electrical power used to get this power.
    The hp stated on a pump motor label is shaft hp.
    One shaft Hp is 749 watts but motors are never 100% efficient.
    For fractional Hp and low Hp submerged pump motors figure:
         40-50% efficiency for two wire motors
         45-55% efficiency for three wire motors
         60-75% efficiency for three phase motors
    Three phase motors with a variable frequency drive (VFD) are a good combination for solar applications.
    They are significantly more efficient and have no starting surge.
    Actually they have a negative starting surge.

    That is very enlightening. Thank you for sharing. 
    Would adding VFD to a single phase 1HP pump improve anything? 

  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,276 ✭✭✭✭✭
    AGB said:
    Would adding VFD to a single phase 1HP pump improve anything? 
    Nope.   They need a 3 phase motor

    There are issues with VFD's.   They generate a lot of electrical noise, at quite high intensities .  Large enough many times to breakdown 600V motor insulation and cause current to flow through the motor bearings. Neither of which is good.  VFD's need to be engineered to match the motor and it's load and then proper wiring an suppression techniques employed.  Small motors are not too bad, but large ones can cause a lot of trouble
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • Dave AngeliniDave Angelini Solar Expert Posts: 5,915 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Better just to have a big inverter that can start most anything reasonable for a offgrid home.  Especially in an emergency !!!!!
    "we go where power lines don't" Sierra Mountains near Mariposa/Yosemite CA
     http://members.sti.net/offgridsolar/
    E-mail [email protected]

  • AGBAGB Registered Users Posts: 35 ✭✭
    mike95490 said:
    AGB said:
    Would adding VFD to a single phase 1HP pump improve anything? 
    Nope.   They need a 3 phase motor

    There are issues with VFD's.   They generate a lot of electrical noise, at quite high intensities .  Large enough many times to breakdown 600V motor insulation and cause current to flow through the motor bearings. Neither of which is good.  VFD's need to be engineered to match the motor and it's load and then proper wiring an suppression techniques employed.  Small motors are not too bad, but large ones can cause a lot of trouble
    Thank you for the info
Sign In or Register to comment.