Lead acid end amps

mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
In winter What are the consequences of a daily  extended absorb and end amps less than 1℅
Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.

Comments

  • EstragonEstragon Registered Users Posts: 4,451 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Assuming flooded and Vabs high enough for some gassing, I would expect some extra water loss, heating, and maybe some extra grid corrosion?

    If not temp compensated and the bank is cold though, summer absorb voltage may not be high enough to gas.
    Off-grid.  
    Main daytime system ~4kw panels into 2xMNClassic150 370ah 48v bank 2xOutback 3548 inverter 120v + 240v autotransformer
    Night system ~1kw panels into 1xMNClassic150 700ah 12v bank morningstar 300w inverter
  • Marc KurthMarc Kurth Solar Expert Posts: 688 ✭✭✭✭
    edited January 23 #3
    In winter What are the consequences of a daily  extended absorb and end amps less than 1℅

    Much will depend upon how long the "extended absorb" time is. For many PV systems, excessive absorb time is not an option in winter. End amps can be specific to the manuacturers particular design, so this is best ansered by them. 
    I always have more questions than answers. That's the nature of life.
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    edited January 23 #4
    I have tried to over size my system
    With an average 800 watt hour daily usage. And Nearly 800 watts of pv.
    And over 4 Dec sun hours
    Except for several over cast days.
    charging doesn't seem to be a problem.
    Was wondering how bad over charging 
    Might be for the batteries.
    By 10:30 I'm usually at 1℅
    by around noon with absorb set for 3 hours
    Im seeing 2 amps on a  400 ah bank.
    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • Marc KurthMarc Kurth Solar Expert Posts: 688 ✭✭✭✭
    What are the manufacturer's recommendations for absorb parameters for your battery brand?
    Remember that a little extra time in absorb and a good amount of time in float tends to help your batteries balance to each other. This, in turn, tends to help reduce the natural imbalance between strings. Keep it within reason, monitor your water consumption - and your batteries will serve you well
    Undercharging is the enemy and you are avoiding it!
    Marc
    I always have more questions than answers. That's the nature of life.
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    Manufacturer says 2.58 volts per cell 
    Hold for 2-4 hours then stop. 
    Sg should be 1.275
    Im not sure if the electronics in my old camper could take 15.5 volts?
    So I set vabs at 2.48
    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 8,612 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Manufacturer says 2.58 volts per cell 
    Hold for 2-4 hours then stop. 
    Sg should be 1.275
    Im not sure if the electronics in my old camper could take 15.5 volts?
    So I set vabs at 2.48
    With lower Vabs, you will need to increase the absorb time, so you really need to monitor the Sg.
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

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  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    edited January 25 #8
    Does any gc battery manufacturer other than us battery.
    Recommend a 15.5 daily charge
    I thought that was eq volts.
    I haven't equalized in 6 months
    SG says  I haven't needed to.
    And  i have read that eq is hard on Batteries. 
    It was overcast yesterday.
    Today was clear all day
     floating by noon
    With vabs set at 14.9
    At 5:30 pm  My SG is.
    1.275 1.270 1.265 1.265

    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • EstragonEstragon Registered Users Posts: 4,451 ✭✭✭✭✭
    US Battery is 15.5 recommended absorb? 

    I think recommended on my US Battery flooded L16s is 2.45vpc (25°C) = 14.7 @12v bank..  Actual charging is generally higher with temperature compensation on my cool/cold banks.
    Off-grid.  
    Main daytime system ~4kw panels into 2xMNClassic150 370ah 48v bank 2xOutback 3548 inverter 120v + 240v autotransformer
    Night system ~1kw panels into 1xMNClassic150 700ah 12v bank morningstar 300w inverter
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    From us battery website
    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭

    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    Maybe I'v misinterpreted their instructions?
    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
  • mcgivormcgivor Solar Expert Posts: 3,274 ✭✭✭✭✭
    The charging recomendations are based on grid supply, in an offgrid application it is not possible to achieve the amount of time required, therefore higher amperage charging rates are needed to to compensate for the window of opportunity available. There are some who recommend higher voltages to premote saturation within the limited window of opportunity, however that differs depending on depth of discharge, no two systems are identical.

    One needs to monitor the parameters of their particular system to gain knowledge, it's actually more complicated than simply following recommendations as there are so many variables associated with lead acid, there is generally no monitoring system to prevent errors, which is the reason I've personally abandoned the obsolete technology. Having said that it is possible to dance on the head of a pin and have success, but there are more failure reports than success or so it seems, most news is bad news. There is a place for lead acid where environmental conditions favor their use, outside that there is little reason to consider a more advanced technology, my opinion naturally.
    1500W, 6× Schutten 250W Poly panels , Schneider MPPT 60 150 CC, Schneider SW 2524 inverter, 400Ah LFP 24V nominal battery bank 
    Second system 1890W  3 × 300W No name brand poly, 3×330 Sunsolar Poly panels, Morningstar TS 60 PWM controller, no name 2000W inverter 400Ah FLA 24V nominal used for water pumping and day time air conditioning.  
    5Kw Yanmar clone single cylinder air cooled diesel generator for rare emergency charging and welding.
  • EstragonEstragon Registered Users Posts: 4,451 ✭✭✭✭✭
    The above method uses a lower absorb (2.4vpc) then a sort of mini-eq at the higher voltage than I use.  As McGivor says, this may be preferable with grid charging.

    With solar,  higher absorb voltage (2.45vpc)  gets my banks to very close to full more often than a lower Vabs would, and I can EQ opportunistically and only as needed.  US Battery would call that 2 stage charging.

    Much of the year, the first way would take too long for me.  I'm guessing it would also mean a fair bit more watering.
    Off-grid.  
    Main daytime system ~4kw panels into 2xMNClassic150 370ah 48v bank 2xOutback 3548 inverter 120v + 240v autotransformer
    Night system ~1kw panels into 1xMNClassic150 700ah 12v bank morningstar 300w inverter
  • mvasmvas Registered Users Posts: 368 ✭✭✭
    edited January 26 #15
    Maybe I'v misinterpreted their instructions?
    Are you using the US 1800 XC2 6 Volt 208 AHr Golf Cart battery ?

    Then per US Battery, their recommended 3-Stage charging cycle is ...
    Bulk = Constant Current @ 21 Amps until 14.7 Volts
    Absorb = Constant Voltage @ 14.7 Volts until down to 6 Amps
    Finish = Constant Current @ 6 Amps for 2 - 3 hour or when less than 24mv dv/dt per hour

    Float = 13.02 Volts

    Equalization = Constant Voltage @ 15.3 Volts until hourly SG stop increasing

    https://www.usbattery.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/usb_1800_data_sheet_2019.pdf
    Note: Temperature compensated
    Note: The above amps is per string ( I think, you have 2 strings ) 

    In winter What are the consequences of a daily extended absorb and end amps less than 1℅
    When does your SG stop rising?
    a) If the SG does not stop rising before "sunset" then you may be slightly under-charging
    b) If the SG is constant for the last hour of good sun, then you are reaching 100% SOC
    c) If the SG is constant for many hours in Absorb Mode, then you are only slightly over-charging

    If you have a different % DOD every morning and/or
    a different number of Sun-Hours every day, then the answer may be ... a, b or c.

    Your "extended" Absorb charge will take longer to reach 100% SOC than
    the suggested US Battery "Bulk + Absorb + Finish" charge cycle
    With only 2 amps flowing into a 400 AH Battery bank ( 1 amp per string ) at Noon,
    then that is not that much more than FLOAT.
    I think, it is difficult for your configuration to adversely over-charge your 416 AH 12 Volt Bank in the winter

    The "Finish" charge, recommended by US Battery, is a mini-Equalization - they claim it extends the overall life.

    Does any gc battery manufacturer other than us battery.
    Recommend a 15.5 daily charge
    Trojan also recommends a "Finish" charge
  • mountainmanmountainman Registered Users Posts: 304 ✭✭
    Thanks all  I think I'M finally getting my answer. There is no set and forget it. 
    Each days sun and my usage is different.
    So there is no definitive answer.
    You just have to keep the hydrometer stuck in the battery till you bust the bulb.
    Hence the term dancing on the head of a pin.

    Blue ridge mts. Renogy pwm 4 100 watt and 2 190 evergreen on Epever mppt 30. 4 Gc 208 ah @12 volts 300 watt psw inverter. 2 kw genny. Iota 45.
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