Poor mans wind turbine mppt

Deveak_KaizenDeveak_Kaizen Registered Users Posts: 31 ✭✭
Just wandering if anyone has ever figured out an alternative to the midnite classic and the clipper. Its the "right" way to do it and it also gets close to 2 grand. I'm looking at mid sized windmills, around 1000 watts and I want to do it without the usual direct load windmills. I have a 24 volt system. I don't see how anyone can do direct drive, its so inefficient and the cable size is huge! I am fairly certain most mppt including the midnite just needs a in series resistor bank at the correct ohm, for the voltage you want to keep it under and it needs to be larger than the windmills total output. Does this sound right? A cheaper mppt with an AUX output or even a simple voltage sensing signal to a relay to activate the resistor bank relay. Maybe two banks. One set at a higher O S*** setting and a lower bank that can't completely stop it, that way it still turns somewhat at a decent speed. I feel like no one system is reliable enough to rely on. Smaller windmills like that might do okay with some simple mechanical brakes like from a bike. Thoughts? Can a dude cludge together a decent mppt wind turbine without breaking the bank?
The only unique part of the clipper is the control board, the rest of it can easily be replicated. 

Comments

  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,262 ✭✭✭✭✭
    The resistor is not usually installed in series, it's installed as a diversion load.

    Ideally, you want to use some sort of breaking mechanism, like the disc brake hub off a motorcycle, or a scheme of shorting the turbine alternator windings to create enough load to slow it down.   Some windings are amenable to electrical breaking, and some are not, the mfg's data sheets should cover the preferred braking method for the turbine.   If no other method is allowable, a Dump Load must be used to load the turbine down to prevent over speed and destruction, simply disconnecting from the battery lets the turbine freewheel to excessive RPM's

    having some sort of last ditch braking method, like throwing a fishing net over the blades to snarl everything up if it's starting to overspeed, is advisable.  It might take a while to untangle the aftermath, but it's better than picking rotor blades out of your car roof or the neighbors cow.
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • Deveak_KaizenDeveak_Kaizen Registered Users Posts: 31 ✭✭
    I was studying pictures of the Midnite classic, are the resistors parallel to the Midnite classic input? It looks like it is and than they short out the phases at the ssr. So....it’s still connected to the charge controller, it just has a parallel path to a short with resistors in it? I take it the resistors keep the one from burning up? That might be doable on a diy scale. Just not as fancy.
  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,262 ✭✭✭✭✭
    I was studying pictures of the Midnite classic, are the resistors parallel to the Midnite classic input? It looks like it is and than they short out the phases at the ssr. So....it’s still connected to the charge controller, it just has a parallel path to a short with resistors in it? I take it the resistors keep the one from burning up? That might be doable on a diy scale. Just not as fancy.
    Where are these pictures ? Photographs are not really usable as schematics as PCB's often have internal layers you cant see in a photo.
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

  • Deveak_KaizenDeveak_Kaizen Registered Users Posts: 31 ✭✭
    Just the wiring diagram from the manual, its paralleled to the charge controller before the rectifier. The controller activates a relay which has a bus bar on the other side, shorting out all three phases. Each phase has a resistor before the relay. 
    http://www.midnitesolar.com/pdfs/clipperManual.pdf
    Also I found a video of a guy who made his own. 
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aDdZaKE0Bk
  • mvasmvas Registered Users Posts: 383 ✭✭✭
    Just the wiring diagram from the manual, its paralleled to the charge controller before the rectifier. The controller activates a relay which has a bus bar on the other side, shorting out all three phases. Each phase has a resistor before the relay. 
    http://www.midnitesolar.com/pdfs/clipperManual.pdf
    Also I found a video of a guy who made his own. 
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aDdZaKE0Bk
    An MPPT Wind Turbine Controller, with a Power Curve, does a whole lot more than ...
    simply energizing a Dump Load Resistor at a specific over-voltage.
    There are very inexpensive "Dump Load" Controllers, but they usually don't provide 3-Stage Charging for deep cycle batteries.
  • Deveak_KaizenDeveak_Kaizen Registered Users Posts: 31 ✭✭
    mvas said:
    Just the wiring diagram from the manual, its paralleled to the charge controller before the rectifier. The controller activates a relay which has a bus bar on the other side, shorting out all three phases. Each phase has a resistor before the relay. 
    http://www.midnitesolar.com/pdfs/clipperManual.pdf
    Also I found a video of a guy who made his own. 
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aDdZaKE0Bk
    An MPPT Wind Turbine Controller, with a Power Curve, does a whole lot more than ...
    simply energizing a Dump Load Resistor at a specific over-voltage.
    There are very inexpensive "Dump Load" Controllers, but they usually don't provide 3-Stage Charging for deep cycle batteries.
    I'm talking about building a poor mans midnite clipper. I would still be using a midnite classic but building a DIY version of the clipper.
  • mike95490mike95490 Solar Expert Posts: 9,262 ✭✭✭✭✭
    I'm talking about building a poor mans midnite clipper. I would still be using a midnite classic but building a DIY version of the clipper.
    OK, let us know how that works out.   Remember, your investment in Turbine, Classic and batteries all rely on the clipper being able to absorb 150% of the turbine output for 6 hours.  (but ignore me if you never get any high winds)
    Powerfab top of pole PV mount | Listeroid 6/1 w/st5 gen head | XW6048 inverter/chgr | Iota 48V/15A charger | Morningstar 60A MPPT | 48V, 800A NiFe Battery (in series)| 15, Evergreen 205w "12V" PV array on pole | Midnight ePanel | Grundfos 10 SO5-9 with 3 wire Franklin Electric motor (1/2hp 240V 1ph ) on a timer for 3 hr noontime run - Runs off PV ||
    || Midnight Classic 200 | 10, Evergreen 200w in a 160VOC array ||
    || VEC1093 12V Charger | Maha C401 aa/aaa Charger | SureSine | Sunsaver MPPT 15A

    solar: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Solar
    gen: http://tinyurl.com/LMR-Lister ,

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